History of Kirk Hallam
Extract - With References to West Hallam, Mapperley and Stanley
353 - whereof "the mansion with the glebe and other lands were valued at 28s. 4d., the tithes of hay, lambs, and wool, 23s. ; the oblations at the Feast of Easter and the four Evens of the year, 32s. 11d. ; the tithes of pigs, geese, flax, and hemp, 5s. 2d." In 1650, Kirk Hallam " is a viccaridge worth £8 per annum, a small parish, and near to llkestone - may be conveniently united with it. Mapperley is a member and lyes remote, and may be united to West Hallam." The tithes of Mapperley were likewise squabbled over. Previous to 1596 they had not been paid for many years past, " albeit the bailiffs diligence to recover it." In 1779, a lawsuit respecting them was settled by arbitration. In 1735, the burial fees were 1s., a wedding cost 2s. 6d., a churching 1s., " a tythe pig" was valued at 1s., the tithe of a cow and calf at 1s. 5d. Payments were made " for a mare and fole 2d., for a Borrowing cow 1d., for a garding 1d., for a chimney and smooke 1d., a penny a piece for offerings, for each house 2d., for eggs 2d. : Park Hall pays 16s." By the above written account it appears that "Kirk Hallam pays £6 4s 5. 2d., Mapperley £2 2s. od., Audit money is £2. Mapperley Easter offerings are of an uncertain value, but will hold 15s. Ye totalle is £11 1s. 2d." At this time Matthew Byrch was the minister ; in 1719, Henry Fraunceys ; in 1705, Edward Jolley ; in 1612, Ralph Ollerinshaw ; in 1603, " Thomas Lowe, a curate of no degree ;" in 1569, Richard Seyrdan. In 1685, Michell Boswell made his mark as churchwarden ; in 1612, Geo. Dixon and Robt. Moulson. Matthew Byrch was followed by George Allen (1748), he by Thomas Wilkinson (1801), Pelly Parker (1841), Charles John Newdigate (1849), Alfred Newdigate (1856), Albert Enbule Evans (1875), William Blurton (1891). The vicarage was let to Abraham Freeman, in 1755, for 30s., by George Allen, curate, and Jacob Kirby and Wm. Scattergood, churchwardens, who also invested the Queen's bounty in land at Chilwell, producing £8 a year. In 1778, " The parish church is a very ancient structure and greatly decayed, and notwithstanding the Inhabitants have, from time to time, laid out several considerable sums of money in repairing and supporting the same, yet it is still ruinous, insomuch as to make it necessary either to take down and rebuild the said church, or to repair it in such a manner that the parishioners may with safety assemble therein for the publick worship of Almighty God."§ The Established Church was predominate at Kirk Hallam at this time, but there was once one Roman Catholic in the parish. Whether he had a chapel or not we are not told, although the constable of another Derbyshire parish reports that "here is a Calvinist chappel and one Calvinist." John Crompton, M.A., the ejected vicar of Arnold, Notts., died at Mapperley, in 1669; and there was at one time a Nonconformist burial ground at Kirk Hallam, but it has long since become a field.
In the 16th century, mustering and tax paying were the principal diversions of the Kirk Hallamites. Even in the year that Dale Abbey was put an end to, they were called out. There were only six of them, as compared with 96 from Kilburn, 49 from Codnor, 28 from Ilkeston, 16 from Shypley. John Eydon, the constable, Thomas Eyton and Robert Moldson, came with their bills ; Henry bothome and Roger Dyker with their bills and horses and harnasses * Four years earlier, when the smaller monastries were destroyed, Sir Henry Sachevcrell and Matthew Knyveton " alotted, devyded, and appoynted by the kyng's grace" to inspect the men of Morleston and Litchurch, reviewed the Kirk Hallam archers, John Cantrell, Richard Gamy, Henry Bowghton, and the billmen, Thomas Eyton, Robert Halum, and Henry Welforthe. Four years after the unroofing of Dale, the king was already so short of money that he appealed to his " most lovinge and obedient subjects" of Kirk Hallam to help him, so Henry Halome advanced him £2 " by way of benevolence," John Edey £1, and Richard Hygen £1. At this time the well-to-do people of Kirk Hallam were Mary Dyker, who owned goods worth £5 ; Thomas Harryson, £5; Ralph Hauks, £4 ; Thomas Eyton, £3 ; Henry Bothom, £2 ; Robert Morson, £2 ; John Blore, £2 ; Wm. Smyth, John Parden and Cecily Heyward, £1 each. In 1561, John Carington, with £3 and £4 worth of goods, was the principal man in the village; in 1581, Edward Palmer, with £6 10s. ; in 1629, Francis Stringer, with £4. In 1663 came the "kitchen men" and the hearth-tax. No one had more than one hearth. Those who were excused the tax for poverty's
The meaning of these items will be gathered from the following remarks in a MS. of Elizabeth's reign:- "A Dewty belonging of ouldo tyme to the churches. Every house payd at Easter for small tithyngs 2 ½d , one garden penny and one glebe penny, one farthing called the wax farthing and another called the chadd farthing. The wax farthing was for the lightss on the alter, the chadd farthing for the hallow the fonte for christening, and for oil and cream to anoint sycke folks with. The parson had the garden penny, and the bishop the glebe penny.
§ A sum of money was raised by a Brief, and the old fabric was repaired, re-paved, and re seated. The Rev. C. J. Newdigata added a comely porch, and put up a chancel arch. - Cox : Derbyshire Churches, iv., 214.
History of Kirk Hallam
With References to West Hallam, Mapperley and Stanley
354 - sake were John Hellott, John Barker, John Newton the village baker, Eliz. Moulton widdow, and Thomas Matthew; the others were Wm. Blunston, senior and junior, Geo. Copps, Geo. Falkoner, Geo. Foliambe, Wm. Lockoe, John Taylor, John Newton, John Titterton, Andrew Wood, and Matthew Woolley. If we go back three hundred years to Edward III’s time, we shall not meet with one of these names. The moneyed people then were William son of Robert, 30s. ; Robert of Halom, 40s. ; Robert de Monte, 30s. ; John son of Mabill, 60s. ; Henry in le ties, 20s. ; Richard de Monte, sen., 20s. ; Ric. Bataille, 40s. ; Richard son of Matilda, 60s. ; Henry Barfor, 50s. ; total, £17 10s. At this time the value of one-fifteenth of the property of the Kirk Hallamites was estimated at 8s. 3d., the same as that of Sallow. If at that time they liberally gave ornaments and vestments to their church, they exercised a like liberality for perhaps even more commendable ends in the last century. They gave 8d. to “tow companys of turkey slaves, in 1726; 6d. to a man for loses by the sebanks, in 1737 ; 2s.for ringing for the grat news, in 1758 ; 9s. to Mick Wade for six wick for his mother, in 1767 ;” and “Paid 2s. to Mr. Birch for to by sorn books to goin farin parts, in 1743.” That the villagers knew something of “fairn parts,” a gravestone in the churchyard, to the memory of Samuel Cleater, who died May 1st, 1811, aged 65, proves indubitably. It bears the following epitaph :—“True to his King, his country was his glory, When Bony won, he said it was a story.” Another respected resident prepared for his journey to parts foreign indeed by having a coffin made and keeping it beside his bed. “It was lined with flannel, and he used to keep his better-day's clothes in it.” His epitaph, on a brass plate at the west end of the nave, reads as follows :-
“As here I am so let me lie,
In addition to the Kirk Hallarn landowners previously mentioned, we have met with the following. In 1258, William the son of Robert Ingerham granted to Robert the son of John Ingerham 21s. of rents in Maperley, and all that he held in fee of the Earl of Ferrers in Maperley and Halun. This Robert son of John Ingerham put in a claim to 40 acres of land in Mapperley which Matilda de Strelley gave to William le Vavasur. Richard de Grey paid 10s. for one-quarter of a knight's fee in Kirk Hallam in 1302, William de Grey 10s. in 1346. In 1428, “John de Leek holds one-quarter part of one fee in Kirk Hallam which formerly belonged to William de Grey ;” and in 1431, Emma, “wydowe of John Grey,” of Landford, Notts., held the manor of Kirk Hallam. In 1430, Alice, the widow of John Leek, of Landford, delivered possession to John Leek of “Halom,” and to Thomas Leek, of Newark, of her manor of Kirk Hallam. In Henry VIII.'s time, “Francis Leake, son of Fr. Leake, holds the rectory and advowson of Kirk Hallam and divers lands and tenements in Ilkeston.” In 1629, an indenture between Wm. Leeke, of Newark, and Sir Guy Palmer, of Ashwell, Rutland, witnesseth that W. Leeke has sold to Guy Palmer the manors of Sandiacre and Kirk Hallom and the Rectorie and Personage of Kirkhallom . . for the time of his life only.” To return to Edward III.'s time, Richard le Cursoun had lands in Kirk Hallam in 1344, and Robert de Sallowe in 1331 and 1359. Richard, son of Ivo de Maperley, granted lands in Maperley to Geoffrey de Herdeby in 1342; and Margaret, widow of John Brigge, of Maperley, grants lands in Beaurepair to Roger Tykhull, of Stanley Grange, in 1507. Gilbert Ward, of Ticknall, sells lands in Mapperley to Henry Powtrell in 1649. The area of Kirk Hallam is 722 acres.
History of Kirk Hallam
359 - land for one plough in Stanley, and he has quite enough common pasture for that, with free entry thereto of a breadth of 20 perches ; and the said Ralph, instead of having left only 100 acres of pasture, as the Abbot says, has left 2,000 acres, in which he has ample pasture for more beasts than he has hitherto possessed. And as to the truth of this he puts himself upon the assize. Then the jurors say upon their oath that the Abbot had common in the pastures that Ralph has enclosed, and that Ralph has left to the Abbot only 200 acres, and that the pasture enclosed is "a more useful place" and more "fruitful in grass" than any place where the Abbot now has common, and that the Abbot has land for four ploughs in Stanley, and that he has not sufficient pasture for it. And Ralph and all the others are in mercy and are fined. §
We here get an illustration of the way in which village communities of free and equal peasant farmers were gradually converted into lordships. The abbot represents the original freeholders, Ralph, the warrior, who, stronger than the rest, is able to appropriate their property to his own private use and enjoyment. The process of enclosing common lands went on until, in 1591, one could write that "the poor cottager that always before might have kept a cow for sustaining himself and his family, and 20 sheep towards their clothing, now is not able to keep so much as a goose or a hen. Yea, the common arable fields that were common to all persons dwelling within the township, as well the poor as the rich, are taken in and enclosed, so that poor husbandmen can neither have their common therein, as they had before the enclosure, nor are able to pay as much as a beast gate, the rent is so great."
But if this lord of West Hallam acted like a lord indeed, he did not mean that his neighbours should. For some reason he strongly objected to Simon de Arderne hanging people on his own gallows. In 1269, " Ralph de Cromwell, Thomas le Roer of West Halum, Thomas his son, Thomas West of Westhalum, Richard le Roer, and others came to Simon's manor of Mapperley, and by force and arras pulled down and carried off the pillory and gallows which the said Simon had in his said manor by a charter of the lord the king who now is, and did other damage there to the value of 100 shillings, contrary to the king's peace. And they did not come, and the said Ralph was attached by Richard le Welwyghte and Ralph at the well; and T. le Roer by Richard of Lameleye and Walter atte oven; and Thomas son of Thomas by William the miller and Henry of Westhalum ; and the said Thomas West by Stephen at the park and Thomas son of Bertha; and Richard le Roer was attached by Simon the reeve and Adam of Westhalum. And all are in mercy. And it is ordered that the sheriff distrain on all their lands;"* and let the sheriff produce their bodies here on the feast of the Apostles Philip and James. Whether the sheriff did produce their bodies or no we cannot say, as the records have perished. It was strange that Ralph should have objected to Simon hanging people. The township of West Hallam was constantly sending to the coroner to say that someone had been found dead in the neighbourhood. In 1373, the townships of “Ilkeston, Westhalme, Kirkhalme, and Shippeley," told him that Agnes, who was the wife of Henry de Pee, had been found dead in the field of "little halme" on the Tuesday before Easter Day. An inquest was held "on sight of the body of the said Agnes, before John Fraunceys, the coroner, by the oath of John Wryght, Wm. Carter, Alan son of Richard, John Cok, Nicholas atte hyrk, Robt. Paynsone, John Mariot, Robert de Boney, Robt. Baret, Robt. Cok, and R. de Thorneton, and the nearest townships, viz., Ilkeston cumlittle halme, Westhalme, Kyrkehalme, and Shippeley, who all say upon their oath that the said Agnes was at the lord's supper (cena dni) at the church of Ilkeston on Tuesday, and that, while wandering by night between the town of Ilkeston and little halme, she fell down in the road through old age, and there died because of divers storms, John de Pary found her. (His sureties are Robt. Smert and Adam Wylcok.) And no one is suspected, but it is a misfortune." There was no work for the gallows that time, but it was not always so. The townships of "Ilkeston, little halum, Shippoleye, Westhalum, and Kyrkehalum present that, on the Saturday next after the feast of St. Peter , William Godesone and John Goblyne of Chasturschire (Cheshire) came together in the field of little halum, in a certain place called Wyndmulnehull, and there, moved by an ancient hatred, the said William struck the said John on the head with a certain poleaxe to the brain, and he died immediately ; and the value of the poleaxe is 3d. And immediately after the deed William fled. William Wynneband found the body. And the sureties of the said William are Robert Krowe and