Newspapers - 1800s
There are four members mentioned in Mapperley, and doubtless these will have been farmers.
These associations were groups of "middling-sorts" who clubbed together to share the expenses of carrying out a prosecution should any of them become victims of crime. This was, of course, in the days before any form of police force existed, and all prosecutions were the responsibility of the complainant - and they could be very expensive indeed - a sheep-stealing case in Dale Abbey around this time cost over £50 in expenses.
There is an identical advert from 1812 (same Mapperley names in it), and an advert from 1811 advertising a reward when a sheep was stolen at West Hallam
Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties
On Friday night at Wilne, Mr. Henry Porter, of Hopewell Farm, to Miss Fletcher, daughter of Mr. Fletcher, of Mapperley, Derbyshire.
The Derby Mercury shows the population of Mapperley in 1831 as 304 inhabitants
The Derby Mercury - Wednesday, January 10th 1838.
Derbyshire Epiphany Sessions Results of trials of prisoners Alexander Millington, aged 49, John Millington, aged 24 and William Millington, aged 20, stealing at the township of Mapperley, six pair of boots, 2 pair of shoes, and a quantity of leather, the property of John Hardy - Alexander Millington, transported 14 years, John Millington and William Millington, acquitted
Name: Alexander Millington
From 1787 to 1868 more than 160,000 men, women, and children were exiled under what the British government called “The System” or “transportation.” Rather than build more prisons or fill more hulks to deal with its growing convict population, they had devised a system of human trash disposal that seemed to have real merits. The felon was “mercifully” left alive, and yet he was still completely removed—out of sight and out of mind; thus “transportation got rid of the prison as well as the prisoners.
The Lord Lyndoch was built in Calcutta in 1815 and was of AE1 class, it weighed 638 tons.
On her third visit to New South Wales as a convict transport The Lord Lyndoch left Woolwich on 28 March 1838 and Portsmouth on 4 April 1838, this is where Alexander Millington went on board, there was a total of 432 souls on board. As well as Captain Stead and Surgeon Pineo they included Major and Mrs Campbell of HM 51st Regiment and Ensign Dixon. Travelling steerage were Sergeant and Mrs Ashendon with their two children plus 46 marines and 51 of the guards from several regiments accompanied by eight women and nine offspring, undoubtedly families of some of the soldiers. In addition, of course, were the convicts who were categorised as "lading" by the ship's master. The voyage to New South Wales was uninterrupted by ports-of-call and there was no outbreak of contagious disease (such as cholera) during the voyage. One isolated death had occurred a month or so after leaving England and, to quote the captain's report on arriving in Sydney on 8 August 1838, "In Scurvy we have 160. Several have died of it." This last was not remarkable considering the ship had not refreshed its food and water supplies over the eighteen weeks of its voyage from England.
In those days, detailed medical records had to be kept by the ships' doctors who accompanied convict transports to New South Wales. Surgeon Pineo was undoubtedly conscientious in this regard for his prescribed journal exists for this voyage of the Lord Lyndoch, as do his embarkation and final reports on the health record of the passage. His last account ran into eight crowded pages and was tendered to "Sir Wm. Burnett, MD, Physician General, HM Navy". The complete chronicle was kept between March 14 and September 6, 1838; it makes interesting, informative reading to illustrate how the British authorities kept the health and welfare of transported convicts, soldiery, guards and ships' passengers and crew in mind, at least during the first half of the early nineteenth century.
During this, the third voyage of the Lord Lyndoch as a convict transport, Pineo maintained a daily log of all cases presented to him for treatment en voyage including references to medicines prescribed, the patients' progress and cures effected. For instance he noted that he treated sixteen prisoners who had been scalded by boiling tea, of whom one died. Nineteen prisoners died en route to the colony, eight from scurvy and eleven of old age and diseases contracted before embarkation. After passing the Cape of Good Hope scurvy manifested itself in the prisoners leading to the hospitalisation of 119 of them, although the non-convict complement on the ship seemed to have escaped the complaint.
The surgeon explained how he inspected the convicts twice a day, saw that they were kept clean, dry and exercised, dosed them with hot vinegar and chloride of lime on alternate days, he wrote that their diet was "generous" and that they were in bed by 8 pm. The report goes into much more detail than this, indicating that the prisoners were treated as humanely as possible on such a long voyage, even making allowances for the probability that reality was not as benevolent as it was made out to be or as regulations insisted it should be.
Sydney History - Australia
The Derby Mercury - Wednesday, March 30, 1842; Issue 5725.
West Hallam Free School – This school was founded about the year 1662, by Mr. John Scargill, gent.
The Derby Mercury Wednesday, April 16, 1845
Inquests before Mr. Mozley. Jun. Coroner - On Saturday the 12th instant, at Mapperley, on the body of Mary Ann Shelton. a child not quite 2 years old, who had died suddenly on Thursday; and as it appeared from the evidence of Mr. Boden, surgeon, of convulsions.
Verdict - Died by the visitation of God
On Saturday the 23rd. and by adjournment on Tuesday, the 26th inst., at Mapperley, on the body of Mary Flint aged 26. Deceased was a young woman of a somewhat weak mind but with a degree of cunning not unfrequently allied with it. She was unmarried and six months advanced in pregnancy, and had died, apparently from the effects of poison the Friday before. Mr. Longstaff, surgeon of Ilkeston, submitted to various tests the stomach and its contents and detected the presence of a considerable quantity of arsenic. It was considered unlikely that the deceased should have obtained the arsenic herself, and every inquiry was made, and many witnesses examined, with the hope of discovering who had given it to her, or obtained it for her, but, unfortunately, for the present without success. The jury returned a verdict. "That deceased died from having swallowed arsenic, but under what circumstances, by whom administered or procured, and whether taken by her with or without a guilty knowledge, did not appear in evidence to the jury."
Derby Mercury. Wednesday, May 27th. 1846
(My thanks to Barry Dibb of Ilkeston for sending this article to me)